Monday, May 25, 2020
Gerontology is an umbrella term covering a wide range of professions that study various aspects of aging including social, psychological, cognitive and biological. Unlike geriatrics, a more familiar term that most associate with aging, gerontology is concerned specifically with the social, psychosomatic and biological facets of aging. It is the study of aging across the lifespan, while geriatrics is focused on the aging process amongst only older adults and is associated with internal medicine. Gerontology might predict life expectancy, while the purpose of geriatrics is to improve the life expectancy of older people through an understanding and promotion of good health. A gerontologist, then, is a health care specialist whose work focusses on the effects of aging. Gerontologists are concerned with four area of aging: 1) Chronological aging which is focussed on the years a person has lived since they were born 2) Biological aging meaning the physical changes a person experiences throughout their lifespan 3) Psychological aging which refers to emotional, perceptual, cognitive and adaptive changes 4) Social aging which covers the changes in relationship and roles within the family and the productive roles of individuals with organizations they might be connected to. Gerontologists work in a variety of environments including long-term care facilities, clinical practice, counselling centres, hospice services, home health care services, research communities and government
Friday, May 15, 2020
Societies are glued together by people sharing core values and beliefs and behavioural patterns. Without some form of agreement between one another in society there would be social chaos. For example if someone was to come up to you in the street and kiss you, you would be shocked and maybe scared. This is why society needs people to behave predictably so that we can contain some kind of social order. Socialisation is the passing on of culture from person to person. It is a process in which people turn into members of a social culture by teaching them norms and values and language, knowledge and customs. There are two agents of socialisation, Primary socialisation is where your parents teach you the norms and values you need to live in aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Peer groups, are of very similar social status and socialises individuals into deviance or conforming. Different youth subcultures sometimes encourage deviant behaviour upon other individuals. Religion also conforms peop le to society as they oppose to theft and murder and teaches respect to their elders and also follows the ruling class system as you listen to those with a higher status than you. Mass media, this is a really powerful social agent as it is powerful in shaping norms and values, some sociologists believe that mass media has over taken religion in being the main secondary socialisation agent due to its powerful abilities to change people s views on things such as weight and the way women are portrayed. After all this socialisation we then socialise into different types of culture, High culture, this culture is seen to have an intellectual or artistic feature towards it which has high value such as classical iusic, ballet, opera, fine art, polo, lacrosse, horse racing at Royal Ascott. There are distinct characteristics of high culture. High Culture is associated with the elites of society, the wealthy and educated people, to be in high culture you need a certain kind of education, such as Harvard or Oxford. They are intellectual and found in special places. The second is Popular culture, this is culture that is
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Othello, race is a concept that is only minimally explored. Characters in the play assume that, since they are English, they are superior and foreign characters (like Othello the Moor) are inferior. This is not questioned much at all, and in fact it is assumed outright that Othello is indeed a lesser man because of his skin color and the ways in which characters like Iago and Roderigo treat him. While an early modern audience would accept this concept without hesitation, an audience of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s age is left to question whether Othello is actually acting out because of the societal pressures, beliefs, and actions put upon him, or because he is inherently different as a person who is not white. While Shakespeare seems to thinkÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦All of these insults are packed into only the first scene of the playÃ¢â¬âthere are dozens more sprinkled throughout, used commonly by Iago and Roderigo, most often behind OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s back than to his face. This ever-constant presence of racism when regarding Othello is proof of IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s plot: to degrade and insult and trick Othello into believing that he is subpar, and therefore trusting in IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s accusations of DesdemonaÃ¢â¬â¢s infidelity. But why does Iago despise Othello so much? The answer is in the text, both explicitly and implicitly. When Roderigo mentions Othello in the opening scene, Iago states that he is angered by the appointment of Othello as general, and the appointment of Cassio as his officer. He states that Ã¢â¬Å"by the faith of manÃ¢â¬ ¦I am worth no worse of a priceÃ¢â¬ suggesting that he believes he should have been honored with a similar military position (1.1.10-11). He goes on then to suggest that Cassio is not a fit officer, as he is Ã¢â¬Å"a great arithmeticianÃ¢â¬ ¦a FlorentineÃ¢â¬ ¦that never set a squadron in the fieldÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âin short, Cassio is too theoretical and inexperienced to be of any use as an officer (1.1.18-2 1). In addition to his jealousy of OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s power, Iago must also be jealous of OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s wife Desdemona. While waking up her father Brabanzio to warn him of his daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s so-called treachery in marrying and
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The Crucible Vs The Scarlet Letter Essay Two hundred years ago, the church was the center of life in many New England towns. The church provided not only religions guidance but, was a place for social gathering and a chance for neighbors to keep in touch. This is shown in depth in Boston, by Nathaniel Hawthornes, The Scarlet Letter and in Salem, by Arthur Millers, The Crucible.Both towns are perfect models of the churches affect on their communities. Both towns were settled by immigrants from England seeking religious freedom from the theocracies in Europe. In each town the church became a leading force in the local government. The church could influence the courts to impose legal penalties on crimes against the Ten Commandments. Crimes such as adultery, in The Scarlet Letter, and worshiping other gods, The Crucible, were violations of the commandments and carried significant civil penalties. The church influenced the community to keep the community together, and to prevent any kind of disunity that might challenge the chur chs institutional values. In The Scarlet Letter, Boston even held special Election Day sermons. These were then followed by a special procession given by the town for the minister whom they so loved. However, these beloved church leaders were not the perfect devout workers of God that they professed to be. Reverend Dimmesdale, was an adulterer and father of an illegitimate child. Reverend Danforth of The Crucible, was a money hungry old man who appeared to be preaching for his own greedy, personal gain. Both men, however, were allowed to get away with their sins for a while because no one dared question the people who gave them their spiritual enlightenment. These men were, after all, the same men who were responsible for the church that stood at the center of not only the town, but also the morality and values that guided the lives of the people who lived in it. It is somewhat ironic that in both novels, the persecution of women in puritan communities for crimes, which were sins against the church, took plac e in religious societies formed by those seeking relief from religious persecution. In each book, persecution of those who dared be different by breaking the communities accepted religious values, is apparent. Hester, the adulteress, and Abigail, the adulteress witch, were both persecuted for their actions.In conclusion, it is very clear that the common theocratic theme of societal values based on puritanical religious beliefs controlled the day-to-day lives of the communities in The Scarlet Letter and The Crucible. The effect that religious conformity had on the lives of the community and persecution for nonconformity can not be overlooked in these works of Hawthorne or Miller. Bibliography:Make it up
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Physical Geography Research Proposal Paper Physical geography is the science about the nature and the anthropogenic changes of the landscape of Earth, which is the environment for the living organisms of the planet. Physical geography is a complex discipline which studies the planetÃ¢â¬â¢s geography and its peculiarities: the landscape, palaeontology, the structure of soil and rocks, etc. Being a complex and varied discipline physical geography includes also the narrower disciplines which focus on the separate elements of the planetÃ¢â¬â¢s geography: geomorphology, climatology, hydrology, oceanography, the geography of soil, biogeography, zoogeography, etc. Physical geography is closely connected with agriculture, because every science exists for the human convenience. With the help of the research on physical geography it is possible to improve the quality and productiveness of agriculture. Then, the science is quite useful for the development of the recreational sphere, because the experts research the peculiarities of the environment of the human health. The issue of landscapes is observed like a single integral system and physical geography studies the landscapes from the point of view of physics and chemistry focusing on the pluses of the minerals, soil and rocks which can be used in the human activity. Physical geography does not observe the issues of the surface of the planet or its landscape, but also pays attention to the global processes of the change of the planetÃ¢â¬â¢s relief, tectonic movement, etc. In addition the science pays attention to the location of various geographic objects on Earth and tries to understand the reason of this location and the interconnection between these objects. Finally, physical geography does not only carry out the theoretic and practical research but also works out detailed maps of the selected areas for various needs. We will write a custom essay sample on Physical Geography Research Proposal specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Physical Geography Research Proposal specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Physical Geography Research Proposal specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Physical geography is the important science which studies the inner and outer processes of Earth. The student should improve his knowledge about the aspects of physical geography if he wants to prepare a brand new research proposal on the alternative topic. One should brainstorm the points which require additional attention and plan the methodology of their research. The student is expected to demonstrate the purpose of writing and prepare an annotated bibliography section which would illustrate the quality of the sources used for the observation of physical geography. When the student has the duty to prepare a well-formatted and interesting research proposal, he starts to panic, because every student requires professional extra piece of advice. Fortunately, one is able to look through a free example research proposal on physical geography written online and observe the structure and the format of the paper. It is a plus that one can use a free sample research proposal on physical geography and format his paper in the right way borrowing the manner of writing. At EssayLib.com writing service you can order a custom research proposal on Physical Geography topics. Your proposal will be written from scratch. We hire top-rated PhD and MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s writers only to provide students with professional research proposal help at affordable rates. Each customer will get a non-plagiarized paper with timely delivery. Just visit our website and fill in the order form with all proposal details: Enjoy our professional research proposal writing service!
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Caligula1 essays As most of the emperors of ancient Rome were given different names then the names they had at birth Caligula was no different. Caligula's real name was Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus and he was born at Antium, 25 miles from Rome, in 12 AD Gaius was a turning point in the history of the Principate, but he also was the one emperor from the Julio-Claudian dynasty who was very poorly documented. (Bibliography # 2). Gaius was born on August 31, 12 AD to Germanicus; Augustus' adopted grandson, and Agrippina Senior, Augustus' granddaughter. Gaius was the third of six children, the youngest son, and accompanied his parents on many military campaigns. As a baby his parents would dress him up in a miniature soldier costume and show him to the armies on their campaigns. Gaius received his nickname Caligula from the half boots or sandals that went with the costume called caligilas. The armies affectionately called him "little boots" or Caligula. (Bibliography # 1,6). When Gaius as youth he developed an unhealthy relationship with his sisters Agrippina Jr, Drusilla and Julia Livilla. Gaius's two brothers and his mother were killed after they were accused of plotting against Tiberius. Gaius's father, Germanicus, died under what is recorded as "suspicious circumstances" on October 10, 19 AD After which, while Tiberius reigned, he was sent to live first with his great grandmother, Livia and then, when Livia died, with his grandmother, Antonia. (Bibliography # 2,4-6). In 31 AD Gaius was summoned to join Tiberius at his villa on Capri. Gaius stayed there with Tiberius until he became emperor, in 37 AD, after Tiberius' death. (Bibliography # 2,5). Before Gaius became emperor the only political related job Gaius held was an honorary quaestorship in 33 AD. After Tiberius' death on March 6, 37 AD Gaius was in the perfect position to assume the emperor's throne, despite Tiberius' will that named his Gaius and his cousin Tiberius Gemellus joint hei...
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Reading summaries - Essay Example This approach considers intoxication to be a positive thing and a state of enhancement. It describes intoxication as, Ã¢â¬Å"a form of bodily pleasureÃ¢â¬ . This perception is in complete disagreement with the first perception. According to this article, despite the fact that the harm caused by intoxication cannot be disputed, the campaign aimed at changing drinking practices is hindered by the gap between public health and general understanding of intoxication. For instance, the article points out that, recent researches have revealed that the youth might be involved in drinking as a part of Ã¢â¬Å"a wide-ranging culture of hedonistic consumptionÃ¢â¬ (Keane 2009, P. 142). The article asserts that for there to be any meaningful outcome from such campaigns, there needs to be a proper understanding of the various uses of alcohol and the influence of social culture on drinking culture. There should also be more understanding of the nature and impact of controlled alcohol consumption among the youth. Not until there is a proper understanding by the public health on alcohol consumption and the pleasure and risks involved that there shall be a solution for the problem. Public health and the general public sho uld have a general understanding of these aspects of alcoholism and